both independent and remotely controlled robots save lives today
both independent and remotely controlled robots save lives today
Several prototypes have been designed to locate and fight fires. However, very few designs have been commercialized and found in everyday use. Most of the models are teleoperated vehicles equipped with various sensors and devices for fire extinguishing. Early on, the spectrum of tasks for robots in this class was expanded to include search and rescue in fire or hostile environments.
The risk of an explosion, as well as the extreme heat that develops during a fire, especially where oil is involved, forces firefighters to work from a distance. Consequently, the positioning of the water beam is less precise, and water pressure is lost over the remoteness, resulting in decreased efficiency. Using firefighting robots removes humans from dangerous environments, such as in or around houses that are likely to collapse.
Guided by remote control or moving autonomously, firefighting robots approach the fire and bring the mounted water or foam cannons into position. The extinguisher is either carried along or supplied through a hose, dragged behind, and ensures a constant flow.
Alternatively, robots can be used to easily position separate, ordinary water cannons, and return. The separate water cannons carry a detector to find and readjust the operating direction. The robot’s power, size, weight, and maneuverability vary according to the used method of operation.
Despite numerous efforts, so far, no firefighting robotic system has been widely used on the market. The literature provides a good overview of the situation in the sphere of fire robots and the developed systems comparing.
Thermite is the most powerful, long-lasting and reliable fire extinguishing robot on the market. Designed and manufactured by Howe& Howe, it is designed as an advanced tool to help operators fight fires safely and efficiently. By creating roadblocks, thermite allows operators to remotely manage operations from a safe distance. The belly-pack controller provides high-definition video feedback for maximum maneuverability in challenging environments.
The manufacturer of fire robots SharkRobotics has developed a huge fire fighting robot weighing 1,100 pounds, it is waterproof and fire-resistant to thermal radiation, which allows you to work in dangerous places.
This robot firefighter has a variety of tools available, including a water cannon that French firefighters use to extinguish a fire with more than 600 liters of water per minute. With this gun, you can work at a distance of up to 1000 m.
The Technical 800 is the result of several years of research and development in collaboration with the fire service. The Technical 800 is equipped with shock absorbers and anti-roll bars to increase traction and crossing ability. Its brushless motor makes it more reliable. No maintenance is required. Equipped with a monitoring system, the operator can know the health status of the robot in real time. The black box records all robot activity and allows for faster remote diagnosis.
Trackreitar is built to perform in the most extreme conditions: uneven terrain, extreme heat and cold, high humidity and even rain are not a problem! With the help of Electronics, you will be able to complete all the work. It has plenty of area inside for all the different sensors. Equipment and controllers for your operation can be added to the base platform. The continued momentum of artificial intelligence development has helped people”s lives. It has saved many lives and provided success for many fields, especially in critical infrastructure facilities. With the growing demand for improved quality to save lives, firefighters need innovation.
The LUF300 is designed for large fires and complex fire control operations with maximum efficiency and flexibility. There are two LUF300 models with the same basic design / chassis. The chassis of a fire-fighting installation is different: LUF300SG – expandable artillery, LUF300HF – adjustable nozzle monitor
The LUF300SG uses a 300 hp diesel engine that can extinguish fires up to 85 meters away. The booster pump installed in the fire robot provides an output pressure of 8 bar 5500 liters / min for the monitor nozzle integrated in the fire gun..
Tracked firefighting robots are the most common – they have high cross-country capability, can squeeze through doorways, climb ladders, tow equipment, rake debris, and much more.
The fire robot does not differ from radio-controlled vehicles in how it controls movement, except that there are more buttons on the remote control, and it takes a little time to learn new firefighting techniques. This tracked vehicle is called a “firefighting scout robot” in terms of classification. Its main task is to eliminate the risk to people when extinguishing a fire like bomb squads send a robot to check suspicious bags while they stand far away. You can do anything to equip a fire robot, as long as the customer fits into the budget. At its maximum, the robot is equipped with a fire monitor and sensors-analyzers of the environment, cameras of visible and thermal range, a powerful computing core with elements of artificial intelligence. The battery lasts up to ten hours, so you won’t have to replace the batteries during a fire. The robot can have one or two inlets, ensuring a jet flow equal to conventional fire trucks – up to 4,800 l/min. Moreover, the robot can do without a firefighting vehicle: the robot can be connected directly to hydrants. Also, the robot can be equipped with a pump, allowing it to take water from any open reservoir.
The robot can operate at temperatures up to 350 degrees Celsius. Of course, it can be much hotter in a fire, but if you put it outdoors, the safety margin should be enough. The tracks, for example, are made of unique fire-resistant rubber with steel cords. The robot even cools itself by periodically pouring water over itself. The robot can also create a water curtain in front of itself, eliminating contact with fire.
A person using a fire robot doesn’t have to do much: connect fire hoses, turn on the water supply and stand with the remote control within a distance of the fire. Another model comes in handy in company with the fire robot – the logistic robot, which carries and unwinds fire hoses. This robot makes the work of firefighters much easier because it allows them to deliver several hundred kilograms of fire hoses on the machine.
The most effective use of firefighters is with fire drones and scout robots connected by a single information system. The operator-firefighter is at a safe distance from the source of fire, fully controls the situation, and makes the right decisions based on the high quality of the information provided and complete mastery of the problem.
Technology is advancing each day, giving us more and more opportunities to tackle the never-ending tasks our world throws at us. The new mobile firefighting robots for critical infrastructure show themselves as one of the many revolutionary developments in disaster management. There are thousands of suitable applications for this type of machine. It is predicted that this technology will be utilized in nearly every country by the end of 2022.
This innovation will help address some of society’s most pressing challenges, such as reducing operating costs, eliminating manpower shortages, and streamlining response time risks. Critical infrastructure facilities such as oil storage tanks, gas pipelines, and storage of hazardous and explosive substances are prone to high risks of fire and explosions. This will be dealt with in a better manner through the introduction of mobile firefighting robots.
Firefighting technology is rapidly evolving. Fire fighting robots are becoming an indispensable part of the fire department, protecting the lives and health of firefighters. The active implementation of artificial intelligence systems is helping firefighting robots exponentially improve firefighting efficiency. This is not to say that firefighting robots are replacing firefighters. Instead, they complement the firefighter’s capabilities by shifting the focus to more smart firefighting and minimizing risks to humans.
Firefighting robots can serve 24/7: they are not tired and do not get sick. A remote robot monitoring system monitors the health of these powerful machines around the clock.
Firefighting robots are not affected by the heat or smoke and can continue to fight the fire in the most challenging environment. A well-coordinated system of sensors, video cameras, and thermal cameras allows the robot to see a picture of a fire where human capabilities do not allow it.
Firefighting robots are perfect for extinguishing fires in difficult-to-reach places. A specially designed crawler chassis allows them to work in narrow openings and climb stairs. Other robots have much larger dimensions, the highest cross-country ability, and are indispensable in the fight against large-scale forest fires.
Firefighting robots are very efficient at fast putting out fires and can do so much more quickly than humans. According to research, fire brigades equipped with robotic assistants spend time and effort three times more efficiently than traditional fire teams.
Firefighting robots are very reliable and can be used for various tasks such as rescuing people, putting out fires, and detecting gas leaks. The categories of fire-fighting robots have a wide range, from patrol inspection and fire detection to dangerous rubble removal and fire extinguishing.
One of the advantages of firefighting robots is that they are not affected by weather conditions. Robots do not care in what conditions to be on duty.
At the moment, a firefighting robot cannot fully replace humans in firefighting. Instead, a firefighting robot serves as an assistant to help humans under the most challenging conditions. One of the main tasks of a firefighting robot is to work in situations where it is hazardous to be a human.
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